What is unemployment?
Unemployment seems like it should be simple to define – if you’re not working, you’re unemployed. But it’s not quite that simple. How about a stay-at-home parent? Someone who’s retired? Or someone unable to work through illness?
There is one single internationally accepted definition of unemployment, this is set out by International Labour Organisation and used by the Office for National Statistics.
Unemployed people in the UK are:
without a job, have actively sought work in the last four weeks and are available to start work in the next two weeks or,
out of work, have found a job and are waiting to start it in the next two weeks.